05 Nov 2020|Noida
| Amity University, Noida ( Online )
Guest Lecture on "Climate Management of Crops"
Guest Lecture on "Climate Management of Crops" was delivered by Dr. M. Prabhakar, Principal Scientist, ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA). The session was organized by Amity Food and Agriculture Foundation as part of its Guest Lecture Series to bring national and international experts from academia and industry to discuss the researchable issues & provide exposure to the students. He talked about climate change and its effects on agriculture. He stated that increase in CO2 emissions is primary due to rising global temperature leading to climate change. He added that greenhouse gases have increased in the atmosphere with agriculture contributing only 16% of the total contribution in the country. Dr. Prabhakar delved at length about natural and man-made emissions of greenhouse gases. He also shared how the rise in Greenhouse gases and extreme weather events has been affecting agriculture & has led to an alarming scenario. He added that increased CO2 fertilization leads to increased use of water efficiency. Stating the effect of temperature, he added that it reduces grain size as it increases transpiration rate. He further elaborated about National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) project initiated by the GoI.
Dr. Prabhakar shared the facility established under the project to measure greenhouse gases & establish region-specific emissions factors. Sharing the climate change projections & impact on Indian Agriculture, he added that rise in minimum temp will be more than max temp with the temperature increasing more in the northern region than the southern region. He also stated that temperature is likely to increase more during post rainy season. To deal with high temperatures, he called for developing climate smart crop varieties on which work is being carried out under the NICRA project. He further averred that adaptation of technology can help in restricting the yield reduction of crops. He also stated the options available for crop residue burning management with adoption of technology on a large scale. District Agriculture Contingency Plans are also available for farmers to use that are updated every three years.